In the last few decades, it has been observed that disasters continue to strike at an even bigger intensity and magnitude in places that were not previously frequented by disasters. Disasters can be natural; human induced or a combination of both.
The human factor is responsible for escalating the degree of disasters. Wars, conflicts, civil strife, transport accidents, oil spills, environmental degradation, rapid urbanization and industrialization, deforestation and mass displacement all are caused by human beings' mishandling of their resources and the surrounding environment.
Pakistan is prone to disaster risks ranging from avalanches, cyclones, storms, droughts, earthquakes, epidemics, floods, glacial lake outbursts, landslides, pest attacks to river erosions. However, the most devastating and frequently occurring hazards in Pakistan are earthquakes, droughts, flooding, Wind Storms and Landslides.
These disasters have caused massive damages and losses to the human lives, property and to the economic growth of the country.
According to the National Disaster Management Authority, a number of factors lay behind the intensity of disasters in Pakistan and the damages they entail. These factors include:
In mountainous regions, the non-availability of safer land for construction, scattered settlement patterns and harsh climatic conditions further intensify vulnerabilities.
According to NDMA, the frequency, severity and impact of certain hazards in the coming decades may increase which might lead to greater social, economic and environmental losses.
The Rajanpur city is situated on the right bank of River Indus however District itself is situated on both sides of River Indus. Rajanpur District is bounded on the North by DG Khan on the East by Muzafar Garh & Rahim Year Khan Districts lying across the River Indus on the south lies District Jaccobabad of Sindh province while on the West is the District Dera Bughti & Barkhan of Balochistan province. It comprises 12,318 squares Km Area.
Population density of the district is 90 persons per sq Km. Rajanpur District is sub-divided into three administrative divisions called tehsils; Jampur tehsil, Rajanpur tehsil and Rojhan tehsil. There are 44 union councils in the district.
The flood affects district Rajanpur almost every year. It is caused by two main factors i.e. Hill torrents, riverine. However, this year monsoon season starting July 2013 with torrential rains gave rise to heavy flash floods in the affected areas of the Suleman Mountain range.
In emergency situations, HELP Foundation ensures to participate actively in the efforts of humanitarian response by providing relief in the form of food and non-food items to the affected communities in District Rajanpur.
The services provided by the HELP Foundation are in the fields of health, water, sanitation and shelter. After disasters, HELP Foundation enables the affected people to rebuild their lives by providing education, training and livelihood support.
In the last 8 years, HELP Foundation responded to the disasters with life saving approach.